Saint of the week

Saint Lucy

13th December

Saint Lucy was a virgin and martyr who was one of the earliest Christian saints to achieve popularity, having a widespread following before the 5th Century. She is the patron saint of the city of Syracuse (Sicily). Because of various traditions associating her name with light, she came to be thought of as the patron of sight and was depicted by medieval artists carrying a dish containing her eyes.

According to apocryphal texts, Lucy came from a wealthy Sicilian family. Spurning marriage and worldly goods, however, she vowed to remain a virgin in the tradition of Saint Agatha. An angry suitor reported her to the local Roman authorities, who sentenced her to be removed to a brothel and forced into prostitution. This order was thwarted, according to legend, by divine intervention; Lucy became immovable and could not be carried away. She was next condemned to death by fire, but she proved impervious to the flames. Finally, her neck was pierced by a sword and she died.

In actuality, Lucy was probably a victim of the wave of persecution of Christians that occurred late in the reign of the Roman emperor Diocletian. She died in 304. References to her are found in early Roman sacramentaries and, at Syracuse, in an inscription dating from 400. As evidence of her early fame, two churches are known to have been dedicated to her in Britain before the 8th Century, at a time when the land was largely pagan.

One of the patron saints of virgins, Saint Lucy is venerated on her feast day, December 13, by a variety of ceremonies. In Sweden, Saint Lucia’s Day marks the beginning of the Christmas celebration. On that day the eldest daughter of the family traditionally dresses in a white robe with a red sash and wears as a crown an evergreen wreath studded with candles.

The painting above is from a painting of Saint Lucy by Carlo Crivelli, (c.1476), is the right hand outer panel from an altarpiece made for the church of San Domenico in Ascoli Piceno, Italy.
It is now on display in the National Gallery in London.

© The National Gallery

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